Audits - Reviews - Compilations  Assurance Services:


Assurance Services also provide guidance for decision makers within the organization in terms of strategic planning and the attainment of company goals.


As the name - Assurance Services implies, our firm performing various procedures in order to provide a level of assurance to a decision maker about information.  Assurance Services is a broad concept encompassing various assurance levels (audit, review, compilation, examination, and agreed-upon procedures) and various information (financial statements, forecasts and projections, and management assertions).


Assurance that the financial statements accurately represent the true financial position of the company is often needed by the credit grantors, stockholders, federal and state agencies, private investors and other interested users.  Assurance Services also provide guidance for decision makers within the organization in terms of strategic planning and the attainment of company goals.


Audit - Highest Level of Assurance


An audit provides the highest level of assurance. An audit is a methodical review and objective examination of the financial statements, including the verification of specific information as determined by the auditor or as established by general practice.


Our work includes a review of internal controls, testing of selected transactions, and communication with third parties. Based on our findings, we issue a report on whether the financial statements are fairly stated and free of material misstatements.


An Audit allows you to...


    Satisfy stakeholders such as employees, customers, suppliers and pressure groups, as well as the investing community, as to the credibility of published information.


    Facilitate the payment of corporate tax, goods and services tax, and other taxes on time and accurately, thereby avoiding interest, penalties, and investigations.


    Comply with banking covenants.

    Help deter and detect material fraud and error.     

    Facilitate the purchase and sale of businesses.


Audits Not Just for Public Entities


All public companies are required to have an annual audit, but some nonpublic entities must undergo an annual audit as well. These include local governments, not-for-profit agencies and other organizations receiving government grants.


Moreover, some financial institutions require audits of nonpublic companies based on the financing amount and/or the bank's assessment of the company's risk. Also, companies with absentee ownership (such as those owned by investment firms, or individuals who no longer run the business) may order audits as checks of their management teams.


Review - Limited Assurance


Less extensive than an audit, but more involved than a compilation, a review engagement consists primarily of analytical procedures we apply to the financial statements, and various inquiries we make of your company's management team. If the financial statements or supporting information appear inconsistent or otherwise questionable, we may need to perform additional procedures.


A review doesn't require us to study and evaluate your company's internal controls or verify data with third parties or physically inspect assets. Rather, a review report expresses limited assurance in the form of the statement: "We are not aware of any material modifications" for the financial statements to be in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). Reviewed financial statements must include all required footnotes and other disclosures.


Why might a business request a review engagement? It can be a good middle ground, providing the advantages of a CPA's technical expertise without the work and expense of an audit.


Compilation - Lowest Level of Assurance


In compiling financial statements for a client, we present information that is the "representation of management" and expresses no opinion or assurance on the statements. Compilations don't require inquiries of management or analytical procedures. Instead, we rely on our knowledge of accounting principles and a general understanding of your business.


Banks often require compilations from an independent CPA as part of their lending covenants.


Which Report Should You Use? - Click Here is More Information


Each type of financial statement report may suit specific circumstances, depending on requirements from your client's bank or other parties, as well as meet budgetary needs.


Understanding each report's unique strengths and weaknesses can help you choose the most appropriate one.

McNair and Associates, P.A. CPA's
1250 S. U.S. Highway 17-92, # 250
Longwood, Florida 32750


Telephone: (407) 830-5717
Facsimile: (407) 830-1601



Providing Professional Tax

and Accounting Services For Over 30 Years

Members Florida Institute of Certified Public Accountants


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